The lawsuits allege that Meta Platform’s Facebook and Instagram, Snap, Inc.’s Snapchat and ByteDance’s TikTok applications contributed to the suicide deaths of Brantley Aranda, 17, of Jonesboro, Emma Claire Gill, 16, of Goldonna, and Englyn Roberts, 14, of New Iberia.
The law center alleges in the lawsuits that the social media platforms’ “dangerous and defective applications led to the addiction, anxiety, depression and ultimately deaths of the three youths. The addictive design and distribution of harmful content of its products were provided to the minors without their parents’ consent or knowledge.”
“Unfortunately, these are not isolated cases. Social media companies like Meta Platforms, Snap and TikTok deliberately create products to addict its users, causing irreparable harm to those most vulnerable, our children,” said Matthew P. Bergman, founding attorney of SMVLC. “We must hold them accountable for harm they have caused, and to prevent further injuries and deaths resulting from use of its products by minors.”
To date, including the three cases filed today, Social Media Victims Law Center has filed nine lawsuits against social media companies for personal injuries and/or wrongful deaths. Of the nine cases, seven have been wrongful death lawsuits.
The lawsuits include the following about each teenager:
Brantley Aranda (Dec. 30, 2001 – Sept. 4, 2019)
Case #3:22-cv-04209 – United States District Court, Northern California, San Francisco Division
Brantley Aranda, born and raised in Jonesboro was smart, creative, funny, and loved learning. He was a role model for his two younger brothers.
Brantley received his first cell phone in 2016, for his 15th birthday; however, that device did not have internet access. The phone was set up to only allow texting and calls, and not the internet. While his family did have a computer, Brantley was not allowed to use it for social media. In fact, he and his brothers had to earn computer time by doing chores, such as cleaning his room, mowing the lawn, or visiting his grandparents.
After his first phone was having technical issues, Brantley received a new phone in or about May 2019. However, this time, the phone had internet access. His mother Blair tried to discourage Facebook use on his new phone by telling Brantley that they had a limited phone plan, and it would cost more if he used the internet. Brantley quickly figured out that this was not the case. He would soon become obsessed with Facebook and Facebook Messenger.
On Sept. 4, 2019, Brantley had his phone taken away as a consequence for fighting with his brother. Later that night, the family attended church, and his parents noticed Brantley writing something down during the sermon. It was assumed he was taking notes on the sermon itself. It turned out to be a suicide note.
Brantley asked to go home after church, while his mom stayed behind to cook food for the congregation. Brantley usually stayed to help, but Blair agreed to let him go home with his grandparents instead, who lived close to the Arandas.
It was expected that Brantley would stay with his grandparents, but he convinced them he had homework to do, so they dropped him off at his home instead.
When his mother arrived home after church, she found Brantley with a bullet to his chest and a suicide note that read, “I’m sorry for everything.” Brantley Aranda died on Sept. 4, 2019, 10 days into his senior year of high school, and less than four months after obtaining access to the Facebook social media product on his personal cell phone.
Emma Claire Gill (Sept. 2, 2004 – Aug. 8, 2021)
Case #1:22-cv-02173 – United States District Court, Western District of Louisiana, Alexandria Division
Emma Claire Gill of Goldonna, was a happy child, outgoing, involved, and had lots of friends and a supportive family. She loved basketball, hunting, Alabama football and beauty pageants.
When she was younger, Emma Claire had dreams of one day becoming a singer, a dancer, or an actress, but later settled on wanting to become a phlebotomist once she realized how much math was involved in nursing.
She received her first cell phone when she was 10 years old after she joined an after-school program which required her to stay late. Her parents got her the phone so she could reach them when needed but was to be used for emergencies and safety purposes, not for social media.
Emma Claire opened her first Snapchat account on Aug. 15, 2020, shortly before her 17th birthday. Then, in April 2021, one of Emma Claire’s classmates died by suicide. Her parents allowed Emma Claire to keep her phone with her at night for the first time, in case she needed to reach out to her friends or them to her.
For the next four months, Emma Claire suffered from the exact harms Meta, Snap and TikTok identified and/or know are caused by use of their social media products, harms they concealed to protect their bottom line.
After getting caught one night sneaking out of her home late at night, Emma Claire’s parents took her phone away as punishment, and looked through the phone only to find inappropriate photos and a meme in Emma Claire’s deleted photos that someone took and that was making fun of Emma Claire. Darla woke up Emma Claire to talk about the photos, what they meant, and after their talk, Darla held Emma Claire until she fell back asleep. Darla reasonably believed that everything was fine.
The next morning, Darla woke Emma Claire up to get ready for church, but she told her father that she was going to feed to the pigs first. Darla thought Emma Claire was getting ready for church.
Instead, without access to social media for the first time in four months, Emma Claire wrote a letter saying goodbye to her family and friends and that she could not take it anymore, went to her father’s truck, took his 22-caliber rifle, went out to the barn, and shot herself in the head.
Emma Claire died on Aug. 8, 2021, less than one year after being allowed access to Snapchat and four months after being allowed to keep her phone at night.
Englyn Roberts (July 21, 2006 – Sept. 9, 2020)
Case #3:22-cv-04210 – United States District Court, Northern California, San Francisco Division
Englyn Roberts was a bubbly teenager who loved spending time with family, eating at different restaurants, and traveling to different places. She enjoyed dancing—with hip-hop and lyrical dance being her favorite—and had dreams of going to college and becoming a choreographer with her own dance studio someday.
When Englyn was 11 years old, she was given her first cell phone, and shortly thereafter, she downloaded Instagram, Snapchat and TikTok without her parents’ knowledge or consent. Her parents provided her with the cell phone so that she would have internet access, take photos, and stay in touch with family and friends. Not for social media. Her parents required Englyn to provide them with her access code to her phone and said that anytime she changed the code that she needed to provide them with the new one, which she did.
Englyn’s parents did not learn of her social media accounts and usage until more than a year after she got the phone. It wasn’t until a family vacation where Englyn became anxious and stressed when told to leave her phone behind for a few hours so the family could spend time together without electronic devices that her parents learned of her Instagram and Snapchat accounts. They would later learn she had a TikTok account, too. Englyn’s addiction to social media led to her to suffer from depression, anxiety, self-harm, and suicidal thoughts.
In September 2019, Englyn and her friend began exchanging links to an extremely harmful and violent content recommended and/or promoted by Instagram. In one of the videos exchanged, the woman hung herself with an extension cord attached to a door.
On July 15, 2020, Englyn sent a message on Instagram stating that if she ever hurt herself to tell her parents that “it wasn’t there [sic] fault. It’s my problems with finding love.”
On Aug. 29, 2020, at 3:30 a.m., Englyn took an extension cord and attached it to her door – just like she had seen in the Instagram video viewed countless times by herself and other young children – and attempted to choke herself. She texted her boyfriend saying she just wanted to die, telling him her intentions, and ending with ‘bye love you.” She then used her phone and took a video of herself crying, in which the extension cord can be seen.
Brandy and Toney Roberts received a text message from Englyn’s boyfriend’s mother at 3:30 a.m., asking them to check on Englyn. Moments later, they found their daughter hanging from the extension cord. Toney picked her up, laid her on the floor, and Brandy began performing CPR, which continued until the ambulance arrived.
The medics were able to get a pulse, and Englyn was rushed to the hospital, where she stayed on life support for nine days.
Her parents stayed by her side every possible moment, singing to her, playing music, and holding her hand. On Sept. 7, 2020, they made the difficult decision to take Englyn off life support and continued to stay by her side as she left them.