“It has redefined politics, economy and society. It is raising new questions on sovereignty, governance, ethics, law, rights and security,” he said.
“It is reshaping international competition, power and leadership. It has ushered in a new era of opportunities for progress and prosperity.
“But we also face new risks, and new forms of conflicts across diverse threats from sea-bed to cyber to space. Technology has already become a major instrument of global competition and key to shaping the future international order.”
Mr Modi did not touch on India’s own efforts to use technology to crackdown on freedom of communication, such as its shutdowns of the internet in the Kashmir region.
Writing in The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age earlier this week, Human Rights Watch Australian director Elaine Pearson said Mr Modi’s government had been “using technology since it came to power in 2014 to curtail rights at home as part of an escalating crackdown on freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly”.
“Even as his government promotes a more digitally connected India, it shuts down the internet more than any other country in the world, increasingly to silence peaceful protests and criticism of the government. This has not only denied millions of people their fundamental rights, but has also affected businesses and cost the Indian economy billions of dollars in losses.
Earlier on Thursday, Australian Signals Director boss Rachel Noble noted the future of warfare was predicted by some to be “more likely to begin in cyberspace”.
“In cyberspace, ASD is increasingly becoming the first and last line of digital defence that protects our country from cyber attacks, and thwarts those who seek to attack Australia by launching offensive cyber operations of our own,” she said during a speech at the National Press Club.
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