Richmond, Virginia (AP) —A new study shows that most non-partisan Americans are seriously concerned about cyberattacks on US computer systems and see China and Russia as major threats. ..
According to a survey by the Pearson Institute and the Associated Press-NORC Public Relations Center, about 9 out of 10 Americans are at least somewhat concerned about hacking involving personal information, financial institutions, government agencies, or certain utilities. About two-thirds say they are very or very concerned.
Approximately three-quarters say the Chinese and Russian governments are major threats to US government cybersecurity, and at least half consider Iranian and non-governmental agencies to be threats as well.
Broad consensus highlights the growing impact of cyberattacks in an increasingly connected world, with President Joe Biden and lawmakers striving to strengthen cyber defenses in critical industries and impose reporting requirements on hacked businesses. There is a possibility of boosting.Polls come in a wave of attention Ransomware attack When Cyber spy campaign Last year, it jeopardized government secret records and shut down energy companies, hospitals and schools.
David Sterrett, Senior Research Scientist at the AP-NORC Center, said:
Biden has made cybersecurity an important issue for his young administration, and federal lawmakers are considering legislation to strengthen both public and private cyber defenses.
Michael Daniel, CEO of the Cyber Threat Alliance and former Chief Executive Officer of Cyber Security during the Obama administration, said polls show that the public has firmly identified the types of online threats that cyber security experts have emphasized for many years. He said it shows that he is aware.
“We don’t need to raise more awareness,” he said.
Last year’s explosion of ransomware, where cybercriminals encrypt organization data and demand payments to decrypt it, disrupts the economy and endangers lives and livelihoods by robbery hacker gangs. Emphasized the potential for exposure.
One of the most influential cyber incidents this year was a ransomware attack on the company that owns the country’s largest fuel pipeline in May, leading to a gas shortage on the East Coast. A few weeks later, a ransomware attack on the world’s largest meat processing company disrupted production around the world.
The victims of the ransomware attack were hundreds of organizations worldwide affected by major U.S. distributors and Fortune 500 companies when software company Kaseya was hit by ransomware on the weekend of July 4. It even extended to small businesses such as Leonardo Town, Maryland.
“We were very lucky, but what could happen to anyone definitely opened our eyes,” said town manager Rachel McKay. She said Leonardtown’s IT provider was able to restore the town’s network and files a few days later.
The criminal organizations that control the ransomware business are mostly Russian-speaking and run almost exempt from Russia or its allies. The US government has also accused Russian spies of a serious breach of a US government agency known as the SolarWinds hack. It is named after the US software company whose product was used for hacking.
China is also active. July, Biden administration Formally blamed China alleged that criminal hackers associated with the Chinese government carried out ransomware attacks and other illegal cyber operations because of massive hacking of Microsoft Exchange email server software.
“The number of cyberattackers in China together overwhelms the rest of the world,” Rob Joyce, head of cybersecurity at the National Security Agency, said at a recent conference. “The elite of that group is really the elite. That is the law of large numbers.”
Both Russia and China have denied cheating.
Older people are much more likely to see Russia and China as serious threats. The majority of adults over the age of 60 say that the Russian and Chinese governments are a major threat, but only about half of adults under the age of 30 agree.
Democrats (79%) are a little more likely to say that the Kremlin is a greater threat than Republicans (70%). Former Republican President Donald Trump has routinely downplayed Russia’s aggression.In him First comment After the discovery of the SolarWinds hack in December, Trump contradicted the Secretary of State and other senior officials and proposed without evidence that China was behind the campaign.
The AP-NORC poll of 1,071 adults was conducted September 9-13, using samples extracted from NORC’s probability-based AmeriSpeak Omnibus designed to represent the U.S. population. .. All respondents have a sampling error margin of plus or minus 3.9 percentage points.