#computerhacking | #computer | #Hacking | EDITORIAL: Integrity of elections requires diligence


Categories: Editorial, Opinion

The best way to find out if a building is secure is to think of everything someone would do to break into it.

Use steel doors and casings to stop someone from ramming the door with heavy objects. Install locks that are invulnerable to being picked. Have a security system that detects intruders without alerting them and has a backup system in case of a power outage or sabotage attempt. Install reinforced glass or welded metal bars on windows.

That’s how you secure a building or a bank or a vehicle or a computer network or an election system — by thinking of every possible way someone might be able to violate it, then come up with safeguards to address those efforts.

President Trump and his supporters have so far tried almost every tactic to undermine confidence in our elections — challenging everything from the way absentee ballots are distributed and collected, to testing the security of the voting machines, to challenging the fairness of the ballot-counting process, to discrediting the individuals responsible for election operation and security.

Despite all those efforts, despite failed challenge after failed challenge, the system has so far withstood the tests. There has been no evidence of widespread fraud or malfeasance across the country. No evidence anywhere that a significant number of ballots have been tampered with or gone missing. That a voter’s legitimate vote hasn’t been counted or that large numbers of voters have been excluded.

Yet a disturbingly large number of people in this country still believe the presidential election was somehow rigged and that gaps still exist in our nation’s election system.

We’ve said this before: For any government function to work, the people have to be able to trust it.

And while the evidence we have is that our election system is secure, it’s up to government officials to keep working on gaining and holding the public’s trust.

That not only means providing citizens evidence that the system is secure, but also continually making improvements.

One issue that’s been raised is the security of the technology.

A recent article in City & State New York looked at the security of the voting machines, registration systems and ballots in New York. It found that the voting system is not vulnerable to outside computer hacking because electronic voting machines in New York are not hooked up to the internet.

The report also found that even if an electronic voting record or voting machine breaks down, the fact that registrations and ballots are backed up by hand-marked paper documents means it would be very difficult to alter or destroy registration lists or completed ballots.

But despite the claims by elections officials that the system is secure, and the fact that there have been no credible allegations of fraud or security breaches on the election system from cyber attacks and the like, officials need to keep upgrading their systems. They also need to ramp up training for elections officials so they can learn to detect, report or fix problems quickly.

One area that did raise concerns during the most recent general, primary and school elections was the delivery of mail-in ballots, or absentee ballots.

New York has been slow to adapt to a mail-in voting system, unlike other states such as Washington and Oregon that have had them for years. The coronavirus accelerated the state’s need to adopt mail-in balloting this year and the rollout hasn’t always gone perfectly.

Ballots not coming in on time, ballots not getting to voters who requested them, voters only receiving partial ballots and voting machine breakdowns due to the sudden overwhelming use of mail-in ballots were reported. In New York City during the June primary elections, for instance, more than 84,000 mail-in ballots weren’t counted or were invalidated, many for issues related to the mail-in process such as lack of a postmark or late arrival.

Even one misplaced ballot or uncounted vote undercuts public trust in the system.

To address these issues, the state needs to expand and secure the mail-in ballot system before the next election.

One way to cut delays due to the U.S. Postal Service being unable to deliver ballots to and from voters on time is to allow more electronic downloading of ballots and to establish more secure drop-off locations where voters can hand-deliver their ballots instead of relying on postmarks and postal deadlines.

One bill pending in the Legislature (A10942/S8902) would allow boards of elections to set up more drop-off locations. A related bill (A10975/S08918) would establish procedures for securing and collecting ballots using county, town, city and village clerks.

Other proposed legislation (S7621) would impose greater fraud security in online voter registration, for instance, by requiring potential voters applying to vote while obtaining a driver’s license to provide their Social Security number, so as to ensure a person isn’t registered elsewhere and that the voter is the person they say they are.

Another bill (S6909) would require first-time voters to provide proof of identification when voting in person or by mail, and two other bills (S2091 and A6105) would require voters to present government identification when voting. Voter-ID is a controversial topic because it is said to discourage and exclude voters who might not have proper ID, such as immigrants, minorities or the poor. But if securing trust is part of the concern over free elections, then making sure people aren’t fraudulently voting in someone else’s name might be something to at least discuss.

To provide assurances that eligible voters will be allowed to vote without intimidation or discrimination because of race, religion, ethnic background or sexual preference, bill A04797/S05036 would codify voters’ rights into New York law, including voter protection, voter bill of rights, illegal voter suppression and intimidation, vote dilution and preclearance (Justice Department approval of any voting changes in order to protect against discrimination).

Even more legislation would authorize computer-generated registration lists at polling sites, establish uniform election night procedures, provide protections against illegal voter purging and other safeguards.

And we’ve already editorialized in support of legislation to speed up the counting of mail-in ballots. The longer it takes to determine the result of an election, the more mistrust it breeds in the competence and fairness of the system. Even nearly three weeks after Election Day, some races in New York still haven’t been called.

That needs to change.

Trust in governmental systems, particularly our election system, must not only earned, but regularly reinforced.

New York’s election system isn’t perfect and it isn’t complete. But our government officials should never stop working toward making it so.

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